Texas Governor Signs Controversial Texas Immigration Law: SB4 Unveiled

Jan 16, 2024 | Immigration Attorney

texas immigration law

In a significant development, Texas Governor Greg Abbott has signed into law Senate Bill 4 (SB4), also known as the Texas immigration law, marking a pivotal moment in the realm of state-driven immigration policies. This contentious legislation, set to take effect in March 2024, grants Texas law enforcement unprecedented authority in dealing with migrants suspected of illegal border crossings. SB4 is poised to become one of the most robust state-level immigration laws in recent U.S. history, sparking debates on its implications, legality, and potential consequences.

Texas Governor Signs Controversial Texas Immigration Law: Key Provisions of SB4

  1. Expanded Law Enforcement Powers:
    • SB4 empowers Texas law enforcement to stop, arrest, and detain migrants suspected of crossing the border illegally, amplifying the state’s role in immigration enforcement.
  2. De Facto Deportation Orders:
    • State judges gain the authority to issue de facto deportation orders, introducing a layer of complexity and uncertainty in how this provision will be implemented and enforced.
  3. Stringent Penalties for Illegal Entry:
    • Violators of the law may face up to 180 days in jail and a fine of up to $2,000 for illegal entry into Texas. Additionally, illegal reentry is deemed a felony, carrying potential sentences of 2, 10, or 20 years based on an individual’s history.
  4. Selective Arrest Locations and Return Orders:
    • Certain locations are designated as off-limits for state officials to arrest migrants. Magistrates are granted the authority to order migrants to return to Mexico instead of facing prosecution.

Criticism and Concerns: Critics of SB4 argue that the legislation may pave the way for racial profiling, instill fear within immigrant communities, and divert valuable resources away from addressing more pressing crimes. The controversy surrounding the law has sparked discussions on its potential impact on civil liberties and individual rights.

Legal and Political Challenges: Given that immigration and border enforcement traditionally fall under federal jurisdiction, SB4 is expected to face legal and political clashes. Civil rights groups and the Biden administration are likely to challenge the law on constitutional grounds, further intensifying the debate surrounding state versus federal authority in immigration matters.


SB4’s signing into law is a defining moment in the ongoing dialogue about immigration policies at the state level. As Texas prepares to implement these stringent measures, the nation watches closely, anticipating legal battles, political debates, and discussions on the broader implications for the rights and well-being of migrant communities.

Stay tuned for further updates and analyses on the unfolding impact of SB4.